Bhutan located in the Central Himalayas, between China to the north the Indian states of Assam and West Bengal to the south and east, and Sikkim to the west with a total area of about 47,000 square kilometers.
Spring (March to May) has warm Day and cool nights. With June begins summer and the day temperature shoots up to 27 – 29 °C. Come July, the rain starts continuing till mid-September. The autumn months of September to November are perfect for trekking with clear skies and mild weather. In December temperature falls, although the Day will still be warm. The nights, however, are cold with temperature often falling below zero.
Dzongkha, spoken only in western Bhutan, is the national language. Nepali is spoken in the south, Sharchop in the east, and Bumthapka and Khengka in the central Bhutan. English is usually spoken and is the medium of instruction in schools.
States in Bhutan are interconnected via road except in few areas. Bhutan does not have domestic flight as like other countries. Telephone and fax services are available in all main towns. International connections, internet and e-mail facilities are also available in most of the places. There are many internet cafes in every town.
In 2003, Bhutan introduced its first Cellular Service by Bhutan Telecom known as B-Mobile, and now it serves all part of the country. By now, it provides the user to use GPRS, EDGE, 3G allowing the subscriber to make Video Calls, MMS, and many other multimedia services. In May 2008, The Tashi Groups of Company launched the second Cellular Service known as TashiCell.
Electricity runs at 220 / 240 volts, 50 cycles AC current in Bhutan. Electricity is quite reliable, though in the exteriors you might experience a few blackouts.
The country is divided into twenty administrative units called dzongkhags. The larger dzongkhags are further divided into sub-district called dungkhag. A group of villages are grouped to form a constituency called gewog and administered by a gup, who is elected by the people